Gum disease also known as Periodontitis occurs when inflammation or infection of the gums (gingivitis) occurs and is not treated. Infection and inflammation spread from the gums to the ligaments and bone that support the teeth. Loss of support causes the teeth to loosen and eventually fall out.
Gum disease is the leading cause of tooth decay in adults. This disorder is not common in young children, but increases during the teenage years.
Plaque and tartar build up at the base of the teeth. The inflammation caused by this accumulation causes “pockets” or “holes” to form between the gingiva and the teeth. These pockets are filled with tartar and plaque. The inflammation of the soft tissue traps the plaque in the pocket. Continuous inflammation leads to tissue and bone damage around the tooth. Because the plaque contains bacteria, infection is likely to occur and a dental abscess may also occur. This also increases the rate of bone destruction.
Gum Disease symptoms are:
· Bad breath.
· Gums that have a bright red or purplish red color.
· Gums that looks shiny.
· Gums that bleed easily (presence of blood on the toothbrush, even if the brushing is done smoothly).
· Gums that may be tender to the touch, but do not hurt.
· Loose Teeth.
· Inflamed gums.
The goal of treatment is to reduce inflammation, remove gum pockets and treat any underlying cause of periodontal disease. The rough surfaces of teeth or dental appliances should be repaired.
Have a complete dental cleaning. This may involve the use of various instruments or appliances to loosen and remove plaque and tartar from the teeth. Proper brushing and flossing are always needed, even after professional dental cleaning. The dentist or hygienist will show you how to brush and floss properly. You can get benefits from the use of medications that are put on the gums and teeth. People with periodontitis should have a professional dental cleaning every 6 months.
We are here at Dental zone in Cleburne can do a comprehensive exam and let you know how your gums are looking.